Eni SpA is an Italian multinational oil and gas company, headquartered in Rome, Italy. It was founded in 1953 as Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (National Hydrocarbons Authority) and was later renamed as Eni. The company has operations in over 60 countries, with a significant presence in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and South America.
Eni is engaged in various aspects of the oil and gas industry, including exploration, production, refining, and marketing of crude oil, natural gas, and petroleum products. The company operates in all segments of the energy value chain and is involved in the development of renewable energy sources, including solar, wind, and geothermal energy.
Eni is one of the largest integrated energy companies in the world, with a diversified portfolio of assets that includes oil and gas fields, refineries, chemical plants, and retail outlets. The company's upstream operations focus on exploration and production of oil and gas resources, while the downstream segment is involved in refining and marketing of petroleum products.
Eni has made significant investments in developing its natural gas portfolio, particularly in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) sector. The company has a significant presence in Africa, where it has been involved in the development of several large-scale natural gas projects. Eni is also involved in the development of renewable energy sources, particularly solar and wind energy, as part of its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Eni has received numerous awards for its commitment to sustainability, including recognition as one of the world's most sustainable companies by the Dow Jones Sustainability Index. The company has set ambitious targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and is committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. Eni has also been actively involved in supporting the transition to a low-carbon economy and has made significant investments in research and development of new technologies to support this transition.