Exxon Mobil Corporation, commonly known as ExxonMobil, is one of the world's largest multinational oil and gas companies. The company has a long and storied history that dates back to 1870 when John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company was founded. Over the years, Standard Oil faced antitrust actions, leading to its breakup in 1911. One of the companies resulting from the breakup was Standard Oil of New Jersey, which later became Exxon.
In 1999, Exxon merged with Mobil, another descendant of Standard Oil, to form Exxon Mobil Corporation. This merger created one of the largest publicly traded oil companies in the world. The company's headquarters are located in Irving, Texas, USA.
Exxon Mobil is primarily engaged in the exploration, production, refining, and marketing of petroleum products. The company operates in all aspects of the oil and gas industry, from finding and extracting oil and natural gas reserves to refining crude oil into various products, including gasoline, diesel, and petrochemicals.
Exxon Mobil is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the ticker symbol "XOM." It is also part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), an index of 30 major publicly traded companies in the United States. The company has a significant presence in various countries and regions worldwide, with operations in numerous exploration and production fields and refineries.
Exxon Mobil has faced both successes and challenges over the years, navigating the complexities of the global energy market and geopolitical dynamics. The company has been involved in various exploration projects and has made significant oil and gas discoveries in different parts of the world. However, it has also faced criticism and controversy related to its environmental practices and stance on climate change.